p-ISSN:1596-9886  - e-ISSN: 1596-9819

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Instructions to Authors [PDF Format]

Type of Manuscripts

The International Journal of Health Research is a new online international journal allowing free unlimited access to abstract and full-text of published articles. The journal is devoted to the promotion of health sciences and related disciplines (including medicine, pharmacy, nursing, biotechnology, cell and molecular biology, and related engineering and social sciences fields). It seeks particularly (but not exclusively) to encourage multidisciplinary research and collaboration among scientists, the industry and the healthcare professionals. It will also provide an international forum for the communication and evaluation of data, methods and findings in health sciences and related disciplines. The journal welcomes original research papers, reviews and case reports on current topics of special interest and relevance.

All manuscripts will be subject to rapid peer review. Those of high quality (not previously published and not under consideration for publication) will be published without delay. The maximum length of manuscripts should normally be 10,000 words (20 single-spaced typewritten pages) for review, 6,000 words for research articles, 3,000 for technical notes, commentaries and short communications.

Submission of Manuscript

All manuscripts (must be in English) should be submitted via our online Journal Manager® (http://www.ijhr.org/ jmanager). The FIRST NAMEs, Initials (if any) and LAST NAMEs as well as the e-mail addresses (or telephone numbers) of all authors must be provided. A copy of the manuscript in MS Word format may also be submitted via e-mail. Illustrations (figures) should be in computer format. Images for any manuscript should not exceed 200 kilobytes unless prior authorization is received from the editor-in-chief. Authors may submit the names, affiliations and addresses (including e-mail) of expert reviewers or those they do not want to review their papers.

Inquiries may be directed to:

The Editor

International Journal of Health Research

An indication that the content of the manuscript has not been published or under consideration for publication elsewhere should accompany the manuscript. Authors may submit the names of expert reviewers or those they do not want to review their papers. 

Manuscript Format

The preferred format of all manuscript is MS Word or RTF. Manuscript should be prepared in A4 size paper with 2.5 cm (1 inch) margin on round the page.

Tables: These should be numbered with Arabic numerals and ending in a column, and in bold print (e.g., Table 1:, Table 2:).. Each table should be typed using a table format (ie, each variable must be typed into separate cell in the table) with only horizontal lines above and below the table column headers and at the bottom of the table (using 1 pt for the top and bottom lines and ½ pt for any middle line). No vertical lines should be included in any table. Each table MUST not exceed 6.5 x 7 inches (16.5 x 17.8 cm, width x height) and MUST be inserted at the appropriate position in the text preferably on the just below or above where it was referred to the first time. The title should be typed at the top of the table in the sentence case format, i.e., only the first name should be in capital letters; names should also be in capital letters, as appropriate. Any footnote should be typed at the top and bottom of the table in italic.  

Illustrations: Figures should be professionally drawn electronically and inserted in the appropriate position where it was first cited within the text. Symbols, lettering, and numbering MUST NOT be in bold print and should be clear and large enough to remain legible (be at least 9 points in size) after the figure has been reduced to 1/2 of the original size. Photographs and graphs may be produced in any color, graphs MUST be drawn only in black color unless the author is prepared to pay US$100.00 for each graph in any color other than black. The legend and any footnote for each figure should be typed below the figure. If photographs of patients are used, either the subjects are not identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by a written permission to use the images. Photographs must be clear and sharp.

All images and figures must be prepared as .tiff or .eps files. They must never be included in MS Word or any other file.
You must provide high-resolution images of sufficient width and quality for both archival and print purposes. Images generated at low resolution for display (screen) purposes are not acceptable.
All images must be at or above intended display size, with the following pixel resolutions:

·         Line Art: 800 dpi

·         Combination (Line Art + Halftone): 600 dpi

·         Halftone: 300 dpi.

See the PubMed Central Image quality specifications chart for detailed examples.
Image files also must be cropped as close to the actual image as possible. What you must avoid are 72 dpi web-quality graphics in which colors are not realistic, text is illegible, or images are pixilated. These undesirable qualities are usually caused by applied compression from a jpg or gif format, and will cause your submission to be rejected. Refer to your digital scanner / camera and imaging software manual to see how you can produce print quality images.

Paper size: A4 with 1.25 inches margin on all sides

Paragraphing: All text must be in single line space all through. Also use single line spaces to indicate paragraphs. Nothing else.

Font: “Times New Romans” all through the text

Title:  16 points font size

Running Title: Not more than 5 words in 10 points font size

Authors names: 12 points (bold typeface) font size and must be in the following order: full first name, initial, surname.

Authors affiliation and correspondence tel and e-mail: 8 points font size

Tables and figures: 9 points font size all through. Data in Tables MUST be provided in the cells inside Table. The use of TABS, spacing between lines using line should be avoided. Authors should produce figures that will not exceed the size of half column of a page.

Body of manuscript: Use 14 points (bold) for major headers and 10 points (bold) for all sub-headings and other texts

Methods: Use 14 points for header and 10 points for all sub-headings and other texts

Authors Contribution: Use 14 points (bold) for header and 10 points for other texts

Acknowledgements: Use 14 points (bold) for header and 10 points for other texts

References: Use 14 points (bold) for header and 8 points for all sub-headings and text

Note: Any Table or figure that can fit into half column of a page must not be stretched into entire width of page. Table must be in usual grid in Table format. You must not use spaces to create demarcations between lines inside table. As much as possible, figures labels should be such that they can be read when reduced to a width of about 2.5 inches.

Manuscript Style

The language of the journal is English. Each manuscript should be typed single-spaced on A4 (8.5" × 11") paper size with 1 inch margins. It should be arranged in the following order: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Experimental, Results, Discussion, Conclusion(s), Acknowledgements, Conflict of Interest, Contribution of Authors, and References.

First page of manuscript: This should include the title of the article, authors’ names (with full first name, initial and then the last name of each author) and their affiliations as well as Abstract and keywords. The corresponding author must give the full corres-ponding address (including telephone and e-mail address) at the bottom of the page.

Abstract: This should not be more than 200 words and should be arranged in the following order:

PURPOSE: The purpose of the investigation.

METHODS: The method adopted in the investigation. This should be very clear and precise.

      RESULTS:  The findings of the investigation.

      CONCLUSION:  Final conclusive statements on the work.

Keywords: Include between 3 and 10 keywords for indexing purposes. These most not include any words already in the Title of the manuscript.

Acknowledgements: Authors should acknowledge all those who made contribution to the work who cannot necessarily be included in the list of authors. In this section, the funding body should also be acknowledged as appropriate.

Conflict of Interest: Authors must declare any conflict of interest. If there are none, the authors should indicate “No conflict of interest associated with this work”.

Contribution of Authors: The authors must declare that they did the work by beginning this section with the following statement, “I(We) declare that this work was done by the author(s) named in this article and all liabilities pertaining to claims relating to the content of this article will be borne by the authors”. In addition, a declaration of the role of each author mentioned in the manuscript should be provided. The author who conceived and designed the study as well as the person(s) who collected and analysed the data must be specified. Note: It is assumed by the Publishers of this journal that authors submitted the manuscript on the ground that he/she/they did the work and did not fraudulently obtain the data being presented.

References: References should be typed single-spaced on separate page(s) and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text.  Arabic numerals (ENCLOSED IN SQUARED BRACKETS, eg., [1], [1,3,5] or [1-4]) should be used in citing references in the text. The squared brackets MUST NOT be used anywhere else in the text to allow easy xml file coding. Index Medicus Style of abbreviations should be used for journals cited. For correct abbreviations visit http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PubMed/jbrowser.html.

Unpublished work should not be included in the list of references. References should be listed using the following order:

Journal Article: If there are more than 10 authors, only the first 10 should be listed and the others should be represented with "et al."

·         Volume without Issue: Murri R, Fantoni M, Borgo CD, Visona R, Barracco A, Zambelli A, Testa L, Orchi N, Tozzi V, Bosco O, Wu AW. Determinants of health-related quality of life in HIV-infected patients. AIDS Care 2003;15:581–590.

·         Volume with parts: Hanley C. Metaphysics and innateness: a psychoanalytic perspective. Int J Psychoanal 1988;69(Pt 3):89-99.

·         No Issue or Volume: Danoek K. Skiing in and through the history of medicine. Nord Medicinhist Arsb 1982:86-100

·         Issue but No Volume: Baumeister AA. Origins and control of stereotyped movements. Monogr Am Assoc Ment Defic 1978;(3):353-384.

·         Issue with parts: Edwards L, Meyskens F, Levine N. Effect of oral isotretinoin on dysplastic nevi. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989 Feb;20(2 Pt 1):257-260.

Monograph: Matthews DE, Farewell VT. Using and Understanding Medical Statistics, ed 3, revised. Basel, Karger, 1996. 


·         Entire book: Ohlsen, Merle M.; Horne, Arthur M.; Lowe, Charles F. Group counseling. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston; 1988. 416 p.

·         Editors: Diener, Hans-Christoph; Wilkinson, Marcia, editors. Drug-induced headache. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1988. 173 p.

·         Contribution to book: Anderson, Robert J.; Schrier, Robert W. Acute renal failure. In: Braunswald, Eugene; Isselbacher, Kurt J.; Petersdorf, Robert G., et al., editors. Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 11th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1987. p. 1149-1155.

Web pages:

·         Hypertension, Dialysis & Clinical Nephrology [homepage on the Internet]. Hinsdale (IL): Medtext, Inc.; c1995-2001 [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.medtext. com/hdcn.htm

·         Pennington J. HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, 2007 [cited 2008 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.avert.org/aids-nigeria.htm.

·         Medlineplus [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); [updated 2000 Apr 7; cited 2000 Apr 18]. Available from: http://medlineplus.gov.

Dissertation: Bertram, Kenneth. The role of natural killer activity in resistance to herpesvirus-induced disease [dissertation]. [Rochester]: University of Minnesota; 1981 Dec. 138 p

Publication Charge

There is no payment to submit manuscript for review but authors will be required to pay US$150.00 (from developing countries) or US$200.00 (from developed countries) for each manuscript accepted before publication. Authors who fail to pay the required amount will forfeit their accepted manuscript to the Publishers. 


Submission is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Authors would be required to sign a form (to be supplied by the Editor) transferring copyright to Poracom Academic Publishers before the manuscript can be published.

Ethical Matters

Authors using experimental animals and human subjects in their investigation must seek approval from the appropriate Ethical Committee in accordance with "Principles of Laboratory Animal Care" (NIH publication no. 85-23, revised 1985) and/or the declaration of Helsinki promulgated in 1964 as amended in 1996. The method section must include a statement to prove that the investigation was approved and that informed consent was obtained.

Galley Proofs

Unless indicated otherwise, galley proofs are sent to the address given for correspondence. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that the galley proofs are returned without delay.


Order forms and a price list are sent with the galley proof.



Please carefully go through the following check list. You must be able to answer ‘Yes’ to all the items listed. Failure to comply with manuscript formatting requirements will result in the manuscript being returned to you for reformatting or being rejected outright.


[   ]   Is my manuscript typed single-spaced, including the ‘Abstract’ and ‘Reference’ list?

[   ]   Is my manuscript within the limit of words specified?

[   ]   Are Results and Discussion separated into two sections of 'Results' and 'Discussion'?

[   ]   Is there a ‘Conclusion’ section?

[   ]   Is there a ‘Conflict of Interest’ section?

[   ]   Is there a ‘Contribution of Authors’ section?

[   ]   Is the reference numbering style used 'squared brackets' with the reference inserted before and not after punctuations?

[   ]   Did the ‘Reference’ list adhere strictly to this journal format, including the correct punctuations and italicization of the of the journal titles?

[   ]   Is the total number of Figures and Tables within the limit of five allowed.

[   ]   Has colour (other than black) been excluded from the manuscript including Figures?

[   ]   Is there a legend/caption at the bottom of each Figure and at the top of each Table?

[   ]   Are the Figures/images sharp and clear with legible fonts?

[   ]   Is the symbol key removed from within the Figure and integrated neatly within the legend?

[   ]   Have borders been removed from around the Figures?


[email protected] International Journal of Health Research,  Elele,  Nigeria. All rights reserved.